Wednesday, January 19, 2011

Replacing a Scooter Charger

Replacing a Scooter Charger
By Andre Easter

Few things in life are as frustrating as a lost or damaged scooter charger when your batteries are low. The electric scooter charger is more than an accessory; it is an essential part of the machine; as vital as the gas pump is to the automobile driver. Please note that although this article is written primarily about the electric scooter battery charger units used on small recreational scooters like the various Currie, Razor, and other models; much of the information below is applicable to many electric mobility scooter models as well. The popular gasoline-powered motor scooters such as the Vespa, Honda or KYMCO types use standard motorcycle or light-duty automotive chargers with alligator clip connectors.

Every new scooter comes with an owner's manual, and the manufacturer's recommendations should always be followed. If the manual is unavailable, the next step should be an online search; many manufacturers' websites contain model specification data charts, owners' manuals and other information that can be downloaded as PDF documents. If an online search proves fruitless, there is still another method that will provide a usable "guesstimation" of just what battery charger would work best for their scooter. The three primary criteria are: connector type, voltage, and amperage.

Perhaps the most vital yet confusing aspect of determining which electric scooter battery charger is correct for your scooter is the multiplicity of charger-to-scooter connector types. Unfortunately there has never been a single industry-wide standard to regulate the electrical connectors on scooter chargers. Until this state of affairs changes, there are at least eight styles in common use:

  • 2-prong Female, not as common as the 3-prong style, this is still found on some smaller scooters

  • 3-prong Female, identified by its three holes in a triangle, this is the most common connector for stand-up scooters

  • Coaxial, most are 5.5mm outside diameter - 2.1mm inside diameter plug; however BladeZ scooters used a proprietary 5.5mm outside diameter - 2.5mm inside diameter plug

  • XLR, very similar to the metal-shrouded connectors used in home audio and theater applications, the durable XLR connector is used many electric recreational, mobility scooters and power chairs

  • 3-pin Shrouded Female (IEC C13), used primarily on electric bicycles, this is the familiar desktop computer power connector with three vertical slots

  • Modified 3-pin Shrouded Female, almost identical to the IEC C13, this e-bike connector is identified by a horizontal slot above the two vertical slots

  • Flat 4-pin, similar to that used for trailers, these connectors are mainly used on kids power ride-on toys (Power Wheels-type)

  • Direct Connect, these are the familiar alligator clip style that attach directly to your battery terminals

  • Adapters are available to match some dissimilar types of male and female connectors

Voltage Output
Just like in a common household flashlight, electric scooter batteries work by being wired together; all cells discharging their energy together and adding to the total sum of voltage. With the exception of a few 48 volt X-Treme and reverse-polarity Panterra models, almost all scooters use a 24 volt or 36 volt electrical system. If the proper voltage cannot be read off of the side of the electric motor's housing, then simply count the batteries. Two 12 volt batteries equal a 24 volt system; three batteries signify 36 volt, etc.

Amp Output
The amperage output of an electric scooter battery charger determines how fast the charging unit does its job. Shown as Amp Hour (Ah) ratings, the larger or more amperage output; the faster the recharge cycle. However the increase in amps also increases the size and cost of the charger. Additionally, a charger that is "too hot" for a low-amp battery runs the risk of overheating, damaging, or even destroying the battery. Conversely, a low-amp charger will seemingly take forever to charge a high-amp battery. The following list can be used to reach a workable happy medium between these extremes:

  • 5 - 6 Ah battery, uses a 0.4 - 1.0 Ah charger

  • 7 Ah battery uses a 1.0 - 2.0 Ah charger

  • 9 - 10 Ah battery uses a 1.5 - 2.0 Ah charger

  • 12 Ah battery uses a 1.5 - 4.0 Ah charger

  • 18 Ah battery uses a 1.5 - 5.0 Ah charger

  • 31-35 Ah (or U1) battery uses a 3.0 - 8.0 Ah charger

  • 50 - 55 Ah (or 22NF) battery uses a 5.0 - 8.0 Ah charger

  • 75 - 110 Ah battery uses an 8.0 Ah charger

Mobility Scooters and Power Chairs
Many makes and models of mobility scooters and power chairs use a factory-installed, on-board electric scooter battery charger designed specifically for that mobility device. These manufacturers' OEM parts should always be replaced with an identical unit from the scooter dealer, or from an online retailer of mobility scooter parts. Please check your owner's manual before installing an on-board charger.

For more information on selecting a scooter charger, visit the scooter experts at Monster Scooter Parts.

Article Source:

1 comment:

Anonymous said...

Wow! Thank you! I always wanted to write in my site something like that. Can I take part of your post to my blog?.

Customer Comments:
Click to View More and Submit Reviews
BizRate Customer Certified (GOLD) Site - Reviews at Bizrate This website has been ShopperScanned(TM) - click to verify Choose A Language

Scooter Parts, Scooter Battery, Scooter Charger

Welcome to Monster Scooter Parts, the largest and most comprehensive scooter parts site on the web. Need a scooter battery pack, an off-board scooter charger, or specialized electric parts? Does your street-legal motor scooter need tires or inner-tubes, roller-weights or an aftermarket performance carburetor? Since 2005, Monster Scooter Parts has grown to become the leading global online retailer of OEM, replacement and aftermarket parts and accessories for most major brands of mobility scooters, electric recreational scooters, and street-legal motor scooters.

Monster Scooter Parts is your home for the best price, the broadest selection, and unrivaled customer service that cannot be found elsewhere. We pride ourselves on our huge selection of scooter battery packs and scooter chargers, along with thousands of additional electric scooter parts and gas scooter parts to meet all of your needs. In addition to our fast-moving, high-demand items from the big-name manufacturers, Monster Scooter Parts stocks a large number of difficult to find parts for out-of-production scooter brands such as BladeZ and Minimoto. Many of the parts in our warehouses are available nowhere else in the world, and when our stock of these parts are exhausted, the final chapter in these scooter brands' histories shall have been written.

With our broad and comprehensive knowledge of gas-powered or electric scooter parts, and the scooter parts industry, you can be assured that you are getting a top-notch, high quality scooter battery, scooter charger, or any other replacement part at a truly great price. We are an authorized parts dealer for the ActiveCare, Drive Medical, Invacare, Pride Mobility, Rascal, and Shoprider lines of mobility scooters and powered wheelchairs. In the recrerational scooter field, Monster Scooter Parts is an authorized dealer for Currie, Razor, and Baja Motorsports.

Our goal is to provide our customers with an almost inexhaustably extensive selection of scooter parts while providing the most hassle-free shopping experience possible. Feel free to contact one of our friendly customer service experts by calling our toll free number, or using our e-mail contact form.

Our Mission Statement:
We are committed to providing an exceptional buying experience - before, during, and after the sale. We will exceed the expectations of our customers while maintaining reasonable prices.